2014-03-26  作者:ExcelHome  阅读:

译者:rongjun  来源http://blogs.msdn.com/excel

Field Settings and PivotTable Options dialogs

The goal of the ribbon is to provide all the functionality needed for most users. More advanced options are available in the Field Settings dialog and the PivotTable Options dialog. While both of these dialogs existed in previous versions of Excel, we have updated them to achieve two things. First, to group the options more intuitively together, and second, to include settings for new features as well as some features previously only available through the object model. We have used tabs to group options logically. Let’s take a brief look. (Note, this is more detailed than the rest of the post, but since I am feeling productive today, and since many of the changes we made were in direct response to places where we had received a bunch of customer feedback, I decided to walk through the dialogs and highlight some of the changes we made.)

Here is a screenshot of the first tab of the new Field Settings dialog for a field on rows or columns – this allows users to set a number of options on a field-by-field basis.

On this tab there is a checkbox for “Display items from the next field in the same column”. With this you can control on an individual field basis whether to display items of that field in the new compact form or not (see my previous post for an explanation of the three forms - Compact Form, Tabular Form and Outline Form). And here is the second tab of the Field Settings dialog.
在此标签中有一个复选框,在同一列中显示下一个字段的项目。这里你可以控制每一个单独字段的基本要素,即是否在新的紧凑形式下显示该字段项目(详见我以前的文章 previous post,那里讲明了三种形式:紧凑形式、平板形式、大纲形式)。下面是字段设置对话框的第二个标签。

The new “Include New Items in Filter” checkbox allows you to control whether new items appearing in the source data will automatically show up in the PivotTable when the field is manually filtered ("manually filtered" meaning not all items are checked in the filter UI).

Next, here are some screenshots of the PivotTable Options dialog – on each screenshot, I will try and point out something new to Excel 12 or that may be interesting to frequent PivotTable users … if folks have further questions, please post comments.

The first tab allows users to control layout and format options for the entire PivotTable.

The “Compact Row Axis indent” control allows you to control how the extent to which fields added to the rows area are indented when they are added to the PivotTable.
当你给数据透视表添加行字段时,“Compact Row Axis 缩进”控制项允许你控制这个字段的行缩进量.

The next tab deals with options relating to totals and filtering.

The “Use Custom Lists when sorting” checkbox allows you to control whether sorting items on rows or columns will take custom lists into account. For example, if this checkbox is checked, we will sort labels that represent months in logical data order (Jan, Feb, Mar) as opposed to in alphabetical order (Feb, Jan, Mar).

The next tab contains options on displaying different components of PivotTables.

“Show Drill Buttons” turns on and off the Expand/Collapse indicators in the PivotTable. This checkbox is similar to the “+/- buttons” button in the ribbon.
“show drill buttons”控制数据透视表中展开/折叠指示器的开关。这个复选框类似RIBBON上的“+/-”按钮。

“Tooltips with member properties” controls whether member properties are displayed in tooltips when hovering over items on rows and columns (only applicable to PivotTables based on OLAP data sources).

“Tooltips on cells” controls whether tooltips are displayed when hovering over cells inside the PivotTable row, column and values areas. These tooltips contain information about the context (row, column and value information) to make it easier to interpret a large PivotTable where all the items and headers might be scrolled out of sight.

When the “Classic PivotTable layout (enables drag/drop of fields in the grid)” checkbox is checked, we will display drop zones in the grid and you can drag/drop fields from the field list to these drop zones as well as move fields between them.

The “Show items with no data on rows” and “Show items with no data on columns” checkboxes only applies to PivotTables based on OLAP data sources. They control whether we use the NON EMPTY keywords when querying the OLAP server. As an example, if you are looking at sales data by product groups, when these checkboxes are checked, the PivotTable will display a product group even if no sales were ever made for this product group. By default these checkboxes are not checked and we do not show items with no data. While this is available in the object model in current versions of Excel, we get a lot of customer requests to see this in the product, so we elevated it to mainline UI.
“显示无行数据项目”和“显示无列数据项目”复选框只对基于OLAP数据源的数据透视表有效。它们控制我们在查询OLAP服务器时是否使用NON EMPTY关键字。例如,如果你在产品组中查看销售数据,当这些复选框被选中时,即使在此组产品中没有销售记录,数据透视表也将显示此产品组。。默认状态下这些复选框是没有选中的,所以我们不会显示没有数据的项目。虽然当前的Excel版本的对象模型中这些功能可用,但许多用户要求在产品中看到此功能,于是我们将其提升到了主要用户界面中。

Here is the Printing tab.

When the “Print drill buttons” checkbox is checked, the expand/collapse indicators in the PivotTable will be included when printing.
当“Print drill buttons”复选框被选中时,数据透视表中的展开/折叠指示器将在打印时一起被打印出来。

Finally, some choices around data in the PivotTable.

The “Number of items to retain per field” textbox/drop down controls whether the PivotTable will “remember” items even when they no longer exists in the source data so that if they ever reappear, they will be treated like they were before they were deleted. If you don’t want these “ghosted” items to be “remembered”, just set this setting to “None”. This setting was previously only exposed in the object model. We got consistent feedback from many customers needing an easy way to turn this off so we added it to the PivotTable Options dialog.

Published Wednesday, December 14, 2005 4:00 PM by David Gainer

注:本文翻译自http://blogs.msdn.com/excel,原文作者为David Gainer(a Microsoft employee),Excel home授权转载。严禁任何人以任何形式转载,违者必究。


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